A massive spam wave is installing banking Trojan Dyreza on tens of thousands of computers to steal sensitive financial data from unsuspecting customers, Bitdefender malware analysts warn.
Interestingly enough, each downloaded archive is named differently to bypass the antivirus. This technique is called server-side polymorphism and ensures that the downloaded malicious file is always brand new.
The archive contents look like regular pdf files. They are in fact executable files with a PDF icon. They act as downloaders that fetch and execute the Dyreza banker Trojan, also known as Dyre.
Dyre Malware Analysis
Despite facing a threat known to resist reverse engineering techniques, Bitdefender malware researchers have managed to analyze it and uncover the list of targeted websites. Customers of reputable financial and banking institutions from the US, UK, Ireland, Germany, Australia, Romania and Italy have been targeted.
- [US] Clients of Bank of America, Citibank, Wells Fargo, JP Morgan Chase and RBC Royal Bank (Canada) may have been exposed to theft.
- [UK] Customers of NatWest, Barclays, Royal Bank of Scotland, HSBC, Lloyds Bank, Santander, Turkish Bank and Bank Leumi UK have been targeted by hackers.
- [Germany] Customers of Deutsche Bank, Axa Bank Europe, Bankhaus August Lenz, Dab Bank, Degussa Bank, Valovis Bank and HypoVereinsbank may have had credentials and money stolen from their accounts.
- [Australia] Hackers went after clients of Australian investment funds North Online and SuperIQ, Bendingo Bank and HSBC.
- [Romania] Clients of Alpha Bank, Bancpost, BRD, CEC Bank, UniCredit, CreditEurope, Raiffeisen and BCR are among the potential victims of the credential-stealing Trojan.
However, despite the relative sophistication of the attack, it still relies on the userâ€™s curiosity to look into the archive and manually run its contents. A bit of caution can reduce the chances of infection. Hereâ€™s what several malicious links look like:
According to Bitdefender Labs, 30,000 malicious emails were sent in one day from spam servers in the US, Russia, Turkey, France, Canada and the UK. Curiously, the campaignâ€™s name â€“ 2201us- seems to indicate the attack date (22nd January) and the targeted country (US), Bitdefender malware researchers found.
Bitdefender detects and blocks all elements of the threat: the .js file, the downloader and the executable. The Trojan is detected as Gen:Trojan.Heur.AuW@Izubv1ni. Bitdefender reminds users to avoid clicking links in e-mails from unknown e-mail addresses and, of course, keep their anti-malware solution up-to-date with the latest virus definitons.
This article is based on spam samples provided courtesy of Bitdefender Spam Researcher Adrian MIRON and the technical information provided by Bitdefender Virus Analysts Doina COSOVAN, Octavian MINEA, and Alexandru MAXIMCIUC.